"Everything that is published by the Medium Wave Circle in Medium Wave News, e-MWN, , MWN Reprints , MWC CDs or on the MWC electronic news lists is © copyright.

Generally copyright of material resides with the author but by publishing or distributing through the Circle, the author automatically grants the Circle permission to publish and re-publish material in any form.

With the exception of "fair use" you will need prior permission from the author or the Circle to reproduce any material. This may take the form of an open-ended prior permission agreed between the Circle and another non-commercial organisation, otherwise permission needs to be sought on a case by case basis.

Commercial use, or reproduction of any material is strictly forbidden without prior written permission. A usage fee may be applicable. Unauthorised commercial use will always be invoiced a usage fee and a recovery surcharge.

As a further exception individual electronic messages distributed by the Circle (for example via the e-list service) may be reproduced without prior permission provided they are appropriately credited. Wholesale reproduction of all or a substantial proportion of messages, and automated reproduction, is not permitted without prior permission.

Everything reproduced from the Circle must be correctly attributed to the author and to the Circle unless otherwise agreed in advance and in writing. Articles or features should be accompanied by a phrase such as "reproduced with permission of the Medium Wave Circle". For brevity short electronic messages can be attributed "MWC + date" or "courtesy MWC" or similar phrase that mentions "MWC".

The Circle respects copyright and will use its best endeavours to gain permission before we reproduce material and to correctly attribute authors and sources."

Some material on this website is covered by a Creative Commons Licence granted by Tony Hudson to the Medium Wave Circle. This allows the Circle to use, re-use and make derivatives of material created when Tony Hudson was Circle Webmaster.

All inquiries regarding Copyright should be sent to Circle Copyright.